Initial fracture intervention should be rendered in case of fracture incident. The initial action would be to immobilize the fractured limb or other body part to lessen the pain from the damaged tissues and broken bone fragments, and to prevent serious blood loss in case of major accidents. If possible, elevate the affected part to prevent swelling of the distal body part. This being done, rush the patient to a nearby hospital to get professional health care.
Diagnostic laboratory tests such as an X-ray will be ordered by an orthopedic doctor to further assess the condition of the fracture, diagnose it, and ultimately aid the surgeon in choosing the proper fracture management for the patient. There are different procedures performed to correct the fracture and ensure proper functionality of the affected part once the bone is healed. There are non-invasive treatments such as casting and traction application for fracture. Closed reduction treatments such as these help immobilize, align, and repair the bone fracture.
Orthopedic doctors constantly assess the progress of the bone healing, but if ever they deem the results are unsatisfactory, an operation is concluded. The surgical fracture repair procedures known and performed are Open Reduction and Internal Fixation (ORIF) and Open Reduction and External Fixation (OREF). ORIF is a major operation done wherein the affected part or limb is incised to expose the broken bone fragments and internal fixators, usually titanium steels, plates, screws and nails, are used to maintain accurate reduction of the fracture and promote proper bone healing. Pins are inserted through the skin and bone of the person making sure that they are placed at a spot far away from fractured area. The fracture management goal that is to reduce, align and repair bone fracture itself is successful made.
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